Wednesday, 7 November 2012

How To Photograph a Landscape

How To Photograph a Landscape

The Second Most Common area after Garden where we show our Photography skill.....
Are we really Skilled enough to take good Landscape shots , Lets Find Out

Pure Landscape Photography is Very easy and if done following all the Rules of Landscape Photography .......Its Very Very Tuff. Like these Photographs..



 What is wrong with these Pictures. Simple they are not following the most Important Rules of Landscape Photography.  What are Those Rules ??
   1. Rule of Thirds (1/3) - This is very simple to understand , just draw 
                                                                " Tic Tac Toe " on your Photograph. 
Two Horizontal lines and two Vertical lines . # This will divide your Photograph in 9 equal parts ( It can be applied on any aspect ratio like 4x6in, 5x7in, 8x10in or even 16:9 HD ) . Now you have one Line on the upper 1/3rd of your Photograph and another at Lower 1/3rd of Photograph, they are 
Horizon Line (BLUE LINES) 
and 2 vertical lines 90* degree to horizon lines.
Place where lines meet each Other at 4 intersecting points , they are
 "Point of interest (RED CIRCLES) "

We need to keep the Horizon on the Upper or Lower 1/3rd Line and any subject or interesting  thing in Photograph should be on the any of the 4 points of Interest.
This is the First and the most powerful rule. 
Point of interest is a place in a frame where human eye and brain give max emphasis when you see a photograph. Rule of Thirds can be applied on any photograph and for all practical reasons it can be applied on all types of photography not just The Landscape. 

2. Horizon - This the line where your Sky meets the Earth in Photograph, we need to keep Horizone straight (No Tilt at all). In the Photograph  No1,  Horizon is Tilted that is why its a  not good. (One Should always match the Horizontal line of Horizon with Whatever  Vertical object available in the scene , it should be almost 90* degree to Horizon like Tree stem or a wall or pole etc.)

3.  Sense of Depth  -  Always try to add a Human subject in your Landscape Photograph , It gives a Sense of Depth or idea about the Size of the Landscape when viewers compare it with human size.   If we do not have a Human subject available for this comparison then It can be  Animal subject / House / or even a Electric Pole any article whose size is well known to all of us.  

Normal Landscape 

 Better Landscape
See The Difference 

   Their are many more rules for landscape But i feel " Rule of Thirds " Horizon and Sense of Depth are the most important needed to be clear . Please practice these 100 times before reading further about landscape Photography.

4. Lead Lines - Any lines or patern of line if present in side the landscape 

SHOULD NOT START FROM CORNER but it must GO TOWARD THE CENTER of the Frame predominantly. 

Watch the Lines on the Road

5. Subject Entry - Any Human subject or a important element in your photograph 
                                               Should make ENTRY IN THE FRAME not exit. try to place your point of interest or human subject or any thing in your photograph in such a way that they should make their ENTRY in the frame Not Exit. 

 Correct Photograph
Subject is making entry in the frame because she is facing & walking toward the Center of the frame .

 Wrong Photograph
Subject is making a Exit from the frame because he is walking Out with Body facing outside the frame.

These are few Rules which makes The Landscape Photograph looks better then others. please try and discussion and suggestions are welcome on my e.mail and on this Blog.


© Dr.Mousam Jefferin 2012